How to Treat Dry Facial Skin?
Dry facial skin is a common condition, although some people are more prone to it than others. The main facial skin types are normal, dry, oily or combination skin. As people get older, they also have to consider how skin ageing affects their skin.
The normal type of facial skin refers to skin that is neither prone to dryness or oiliness. Many factors can cause normal facial skin to become dry.
Dry type of facial skin is facial skin that has a tendency to be dry and typically feels tight and slightly very rough in some areas.
Oily type facial skin is less likely to become dry, except in the case of excessive washing, or following a poor skincare routine.
Combination type facial skin tends to develop dryness in certain areas of the face, particularly on the cheeks, whereas the T-zone is oily.
**Signs & symptoms of dry and very dry skin**
When facial skin first begins to lose moisture, the dryness may be only noticed as:
- Very dry skin
If this initial dryness is not treated, it can progress to become:
- Very tight
At this stage it is possible that dryness-induced fine lines develop, which contributes to premature skin ageing and wrinkle formation.
Sensitive dry facial skin
When the face becomes dry, it will often also be sensitive and sometimes even hypersensitive; however, facial sensitive skin and hypersensitive facial skin are not always related to dryness.
Dry facial skin and diseases
- The medical term for dry skin is Xerosis. It comes from Greek; ‘Xero’, means ‘dry’, and ‘osis’ means ‘disease’.
- Inflammatory skin conditions like Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis are also linked to facial dryness.
- Metabolic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and kidney diseases can also increase the risk of dry skin.
- Some acne medications, either topical or oral, can cause oily, acne-prone skin to become very dry.
There is further information on dry skin, including tips on preventing dry skin, as well as information on other skin conditions such as Atopic Dermatitis, Psoriasis, and diabetes, throughout our website. But if you are worried or unsure about your symptoms, or they are becoming worse, we recommend that you see your doctor or dermatologist for a face-to-face diagnosis to help overcome dry and dull skin (mengatasi kulit wajah kering & kusam).
Understanding the causes of dry facial skin
There are many internal and external factors to dry facial skin, all of which contribute to the same skin dehydration process.
All the external causes of dry facial skin cause the natural lipid surface barrier to deteriorate.
The main external triggers are environmental triggers and inappropriate facial skincare routines. The face is generally exposed to these external causes of dry skin much more frequently than the rest of your body:
- Harsh weather conditions – hot, cold and dry air.
- Seasonal changes – Dry skin symptoms are more common in the winter and summer months.
- Ultraviolet (UV) sunlight can increase the rate of skin aging, and skin becomes more prone to dryness as it ages.
Frequent washing, or long, hot baths or showers, removes away the lipids that make up the skin barrier.
Some medications have the side effect of changing the water balance within the skin. Medications that control blood pressure, known as diuretics, are known to have this side effect. Always check with a doctor or pharmacist.
Every person has a unique set of genes, which determine skin characteristics like pigmentation, moisture and lipid levels.
When the level of these hormones changes, for instance during adolescence and menopause, the skin’s moisture balance can be affected.
The skin’s ability to produce sweat and lipids decreases as people get older due to a reduction in the function of sebaceous and sweat glands in the skin.
Premature skin aging
Skin aging occurs naturally with increasing age. However, extensive and unprotected exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light can increase the rate of skin-aging.
The skin requires a range of nutrients, unsaturated fatty acids, and vitamins in order to function correctly. A lack of any of these can contribute to dry skin.
Factors that can contribute to dry facial skin
Additional to the main causes of dry facial skin, several other factors also affect the severity of facial skin dryness.
Lack of effective treatment
If the dry facial skin is not treated properly, or ineffective moisturizers are used, the dry skin condition is likely to become worse, rather than improving slightly.
Excessive sun exposure may increase facial skin dryness. It is therefore important to choose a sunscreen that is formulated for dry skin, which contains moisturizing actives in addition to an appropriate Sun Protection Factor (SPF).
Certain situations require being in conditions that may cause dry facial skin. For instance, outdoor-sports, gardening, holidays in cold areas will increase the risk of developing dry facial skin.
The amount of moisture in the skin is related to the amount of water the body can supply. Therefore, when the body is dehydrated, it is unable to supply adequate amounts of water to the skin.
The toxins in cigarette smoke, including nicotine, may reduce the blood flow. This results in a slower metabolism within the skin. The skin may dry out and age prematurely.
What are the solutions for dry facial skin?
Avoiding contributing factors
In addition to having a good cleansing and moisturizing routine, avoiding factors that contribute to dry skin is important. This will help to overcome dry & dull facial skin (mengatasi kulit wajah kering & kusam):
- Avoid dry air by spending less time outdoors in hot and cold weather, and by using a humidifier indoors when the heating is on.
- Reduce the time spent in hot water by having quick showers instead of long baths.
- Use care products without perfumes, colorants, and parabens to avoid irritation.
Dry and very dry facial skin needs a comprehensive skincare routine, including using appropriate skin cleansers, moisturizers, and sunscreens. Water-based skin cleansers with added moisturizing factors are suitable for dry to very dry facial skin, while oil-based cleansers are ideally suited for the skincare of very dry and extremely dry skin.